The Serbian government of Yugoslavia enacted a widespread extermination of the individual republics—Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina—that sought independence. Around 18,000 victims have been found in mass graves for an estimated total of 100,000 lives lost.
Collage from the Yugoslav wars (1991-1995, excluding the Kosovo war), clockwise from the top: Slovenian police escort captured JNA soldiers back to their unit during the 1991 Slovenian war of independence. A destroyed tank during the battle of Vukovar. Rockets in a Serbian placement overlooking Dubrovnik and the Adriatic coast.
Delegates of the International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS) examine an exhumed mass grave of victims of the July 1995 Srebrenica massacre, outside the village of Potocari, Bosnia and Herzegovina. July 2007.